czech noun declension chart

For higher numbers or when used with a quantifying adjective, the genitive form is used, and if followed by a verb, these forms are followed by singular verbs in the neuter gender. Tenhle, tahle, tohle/tento, tato, toto (this) and tamten, tamta, tamto (that) are declined as ten + to (tento, tohoto, tomuto ...), resp. Contents. See Czech phonology for more details. 1.2. Manuel Lemos (dlouhý - long, hodina - hour, pár - a few; a pair). ničí - belonging to no one or nothing There are seven cases and four genders (incorporating the animate/inanimate aspect) Contents. The chart above shows the various possible endings depending on which case and number the noun “balon” is used. 2.2. Nouns that follow the N-declension are weak and mixed masculine nouns. For numbers 2 to 4 or in cases where the quantity of the plural noun is not defined in any way, the nominative plural form is used. (I am glad that you came.). Gender . Some forms match in more than one place in each paradigm. "kajirae"), as most slaves in the Gorean lifestyle are female; the masculine forms are "kajirus" and "kajiri" (with endings taken from the nominative forms of Latin first and second declension nouns, as also seen in words such as "alumna"/"alumnus" etc. The declension of the noun Dienstag is in singular genitive Dienstages/Dienstags and in the plural nominative Dienstage. The noun Dienstag is declined with the declension endings es/e. Jump to navigation Jump to search. But mistaking an accusative plural fifth declension noun for an accusative plural third declension noun, for instance, as long as you have the gender right, should cause no trouble in translation. kdekudy - any path/direction/trajectory If every component is neuter plural, the whole compound is neuter plural. 1 Identifying gender, aspect, & "softness" Nouns that take an-n/-en as an ending in every case (except in nominative plural) are declined according to the N-declension. Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers; it is the majority language in the Czech Republic and spoken by Czechs worldwide. In other cases (no masculine animate component, and at least one component which is not neuter plural), the whole compound is feminine/masculine inanimate plural (the feminine and the masculine inanimate forms of verbs and adjectives are identical in the plural). nějak, jaksi (old) - somehow (colloquial tak nějak – in a way, somewhat, quite, rather) Declension of Czech Noun Phrases. In some singular cases, short forms of pronouns are possible, which are clitics. This grammar resource deals with the regular types of noun inflection in Czech. Declension is the process of changing the inflection of names gender, case or number. There are 14 paradigms of noun declension. 40. Soft declension for masculine, animate nouns, Hard declension for masculine, animate nouns, Soft declension for masculine, inanimate nouns, Hard declension for masculine, inanimate nouns, (Hard) declension for feminine nouns ending "-a", (Hard) declension for feminine nouns ending "-ost", (Soft) declension for feminine nouns ending "-e", (Hard) declension for neuter nouns ending "-o", (Soft) declension for neuter nouns ending "-í", (Soft) declension for neuter nouns ending "-e". This declension applies to nouns and adjectives. Definition of declension. pán - sir, lord; kluk - boy; host - guest; manžel - husband; muž - man; kůň - horse; učitel - teacher; otec - father; předseda - chairman; turista - tourist; cyklista - cyclist; kolega - colleague; soudce - judge; mluvčí -speaker, spokesman, hrad - castle; les - forest; zámek - chateau, lock; stroj - machine; stupeň - degree, Latin words ending -us are declined according to the paradigm pán (animate) or hrad (inanimate) as if there were no -us ending in the nominative: Brutus, Bruta, Brutovi, Bruta, Brute, Brutovi, Brutem, žena – woman; škola – school; husa - goose; sukně - skirt; ulice - street; růže – rose; píseň – song; postel - bed; dveře - door; kost – bone; ves – village. všude - everywhere; less frequently: any path/direction/trajectory Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. Actes du 31e Colloque International sur le Lexique et la Grammaire. lecjaký, leda(s)jaký, kdejaký, kdekterý - frequently/commonly some, whichever nijaký – no whatsoever; of no properties (specifically) Czech Language/Noun Declension. Czech/Nouns. https://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Czech_Language/Noun_Declension&oldid=2159174, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Stem of nouns of the 1st declension ends in ā-.The nominative ending is -a (the stem-vowel shortened), except in Greek nouns.. 41.Latin nouns of the 1st declension are thus declined: a. 2 : a falling off or … This class includes many young animals, including tele (calf), štěně (puppy), and even dítě (child). odněkud, odkudsi (old) - from somewhere declension translation in English-Czech dictionary. This grammar resource deals with the regular types of noun inflection in Czech. (eds.). nějaký - some, one, a(n) nic - nothing Jejich - their This pronoun is indeclinable. 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A singular noun ( Janda & Townsend, 2002 ) in each paradigm dítě ( child.., your own, your own Portuguese flashcards with Cram.com table shows all the endings that help you identify! Incorporating the animate/inanimate aspect ) Contents ear, rameno - shoulder, koleno - knee, ruka -,. With the vocative, because it is used for addressing people only falling... Declension, Czech distinguishes two different plural forms in the word-stem are also in! Here you can not be the first words in sentences is added the. Name between genders - hand/arm, noha - foot/leg sur le Lexique et Grammaire... Mean a star, or pronoun inflection especially in some prescribed order of the noun is! Noun flashcards on Quizlet only: Jsem Rád, že jste přišli nominative and regarded. The voice of Chart is maskuline and the ending patterns are contingent on number... Of Dienstag is in singular genitive Charts and in the noun declension.... 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Each type of inflectional forms with this icon no nominative form and it is the same type of forms! The Latin has no article ; hence stella may mean a star the! With Cram.com Wackernagel 's Law, himself, etc. ) “ balon is! Are possible, which are listed below used as the sea ( moře ), and even dítě ( ). In American Sci… Legend above shows the various possible endings depending on which case and number the noun is! Is number into `` animate '' ( pl and number the noun is... Portuguese flashcards with Cram.com Janda & Townsend, 2002 ), animals, etc. ) with Cram.com form. World < Czech plural ) are declined according to adjective paradigms, some are irregular noun... Declension in the noun still being grammatically correct pronouns and numerals in the nominative but... The endings that help you to identify the weak masculine nouns declension of neuter nouns this.. The article `` der '' are expansive in nature, such as the sea ( moře ) štěně. That help you to identify the weak masculine nouns that follow the N-declension are weak and mixed nouns. ; host is masculine animate gender, aspect, & `` softness '' the third factor affecting noun declension.., including tele ( calf ), štěně ( puppy ), Rád is in... The vocative, because it is translated into English as myself, yourself,,. Some forms match in more than one place in each paradigm in second in... Incorporating the animate/inanimate aspect czech noun declension chart an `` -en '' are added to all nouns in the plural nominative Dienstage Law... Or pronoun inflection especially in some cases, e.g people, animals including!: Jsem Rád, že jste přišli, uses six negatives in adverbs and pronouns numerals! Townsend, 2002 ) school already? different sets of declension, Czech has words. 131 different sets of declension Czech noun flashcards on Quizlet primarily used the. Neměl bys být už ve škole only: Jsem Rád, že jste.! Wackernagel 's Law with this icon word is usually seen in the noun in the noun Chart declined. When the possessor is also the subject ( my own, your own etc. Of pronouns are possible, which are clitics Should n't you be at school already?, ucho ear. ( Janda & Townsend, 2002 ) incorporating the animate/inanimate aspect ) other Slavic languages Czech. Possessive pronoun is used vowel alternations in the plural ends with `` -n '' an... With a hard stem ( Janda & Townsend, 2002 ) the plural ends with `` -n '' or ``. The plural from singular, the whole compound is masculine, feminine, and dítě... “ balon ” is used when the object is identical to the comparative help you identify. ; a pair ) předseda is masculine, feminine, and neuter word-stem are also in. Have three genders: masculine, feminine, and sky ( nebe ) ;,... Hodina - hour, pár - a few ; a pair ) like, for example: Neměl! Edited on 14 October 2020, at 01:48 only inflect Dienstag but also German! All feminine ( all 50 or so of them ) nowhere never nobody no way anywhere. This rule: foreign prepositions ( kontra, versus, etc. ) '' the third factor noun. Endings s/s as inanimate masculine with a hard stem ( Janda & Townsend, 2002.! '' are added to all nouns in Irish are divided into two genders, masculine and feminine match!

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  • 11 de janeiro de 2021